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Types of sewing stitches explained

Different types of sewing machines may have different stitches available, but here are some common stitches that you may find on a sewing machine:

Straight stitch (A top line): This is the most basic stitch and is used for sewing straight lines.

Zigzag stitch (B top line) : This stitch is used to add stretch to fabrics and prevent fraying.

Buttonhole stitch (Above S1): This stitch is used to create buttonholes in fabrics.

Blind hem stitch (D/K top line): This stitch is used to invisibly hem fabric by catching only a small amount of the fabric on the underside.

Overlock stitch (J): This stitch is used to finish the edges of fabrics and prevent fraying.

Decorative stitches (most of the stitches after S1): These stitches are used to add decorative elements to fabrics, such as embroidery or quilting.

Stretch stitches (B, C, J top line): They are special type of stitches that allow to stretch fabric without breaking the thread while sewing.

Basting Stitch (A top line): a long straight stitch used to temporarily hold fabric in place before final sewing.

Keep in mind that some sewing machines may offer a wide range of stitches, while others may only have a few basic options.

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