Different types of sewing machines may have different stitches available, but here are some common stitches that you may find on a sewing machine:
Straight stitch (A top line): This is the most basic stitch and is used for sewing straight lines.
Zigzag stitch (B top line) : This stitch is used to add stretch to fabrics and prevent fraying.
Buttonhole stitch (Above S1): This stitch is used to create buttonholes in fabrics.
Blind hem stitch (D/K top line): This stitch is used to invisibly hem fabric by catching only a small amount of the fabric on the underside.
Overlock stitch (J): This stitch is used to finish the edges of fabrics and prevent fraying.
Decorative stitches (most of the stitches after S1): These stitches are used to add decorative elements to fabrics, such as embroidery or quilting.
Stretch stitches (B, C, J top line): They are special type of stitches that allow to stretch fabric without breaking the thread while sewing.
Basting Stitch (A top line): a long straight stitch used to temporarily hold fabric in place before final sewing.
Keep in mind that some sewing machines may offer a wide range of stitches, while others may only have a few basic options.